The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has defined five distinct levels for self-driving AVs, which range from controlling specific tasks such as parking and braking (level 1) to where the vehicle is fully autonomous with no steering wheel or other human controls (level 5).
Owen P. Hall, Jr., PE, PhD
Owen P. Hall, Jr., PE, PhD, holds the Corwin D. Denney Academic Chair and is a Professor of Decision Sciences at Pepperdine University's Graziadio School of Business and Management. He is a Julian Virtue Professor and a Rothschild Applied Research Fellow. Dr. Hall recently received the Howard A. White Teaching Excellence Award. He has more than 35 years of academic and industry experience in mobile learning technologies, artificial intelligence, and business analytics.